Kaurna Ties to Country
In 2007 Council commissioned a Kaurna Cultural Heritage Survey which provided representatives of the local Kaurna descendants the opportunity to paint their own historical picture of the Port Adelaide Enfield region based on their memories, cultural stories/histories and their spiritual connections to family and country. Click here to access a copy of the Kaurna Heritage Survey.
Much of Port Adelaide's Aboriginal history has been lost, some literally buried during construction along the Port River. Lartelare, a park in the Port Waterfront development, seeks to reclaim that history through the stories passed by mother to daughter over four generations from Lartelare to Aunty Veronica Brodie - a rare unbroken link in Indigenous history. As a child Aunty Veronica would be taken to the riverbank site where Lartelare was born and Aunty Veronica's grandmother, Laura, would shake her fist at the family's dispossession. In 1995 the advent of Native Title rights and closure of the CSR Sugar Factory on the site gave Aunty Veronica the chance to reclaim her family's history. She lodged a formal claim that led finally to the creation of Lartelare in 2009. Designed through close consultation with the Brodie family and members of the local community, Lartelare tells vivid stories that resonate across time, place and people. Combining art, history, nature and play, the park aims to keep an important oral tradition alive to create new stories for new generations, and to recognise the birthplace of Lartelare as a significant site for her family, the Port Adelaide Aboriginal community, the Kaurna people and culturally and historically for all Australians. For more information please contact the Visitor Information Centre at 66 Commercial Rd, Port Adelaide. Click here for a location map of Lartelare.
The Aboriginal Flag was designed by Harold Thomas, an artist and an Aboriginal, in 1971. The flag was designed to be an eye-catching rallying symbol for the Aboriginal people and a symbol of their race and identity. The black represents the Aboriginal people, the red the earth and their spiritual relationship to the land, and the yellow the sun, the giver of life. The Aboriginal flag was first raised in Victoria Square in Adelaide on National Aboriginal Day in 1971, but was adopted nationally by Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders in 1972 after it was flown above the Aboriginal "Tent Embassy" outside the old Parliament House in Canberra.
The Torres Strait Islander flag is attributed to the late Bernard Namok of Thursday Island. The flag is emblazoned with a white Dari (headdress) which is a symbol of Torres Strait Islanders. The white five pointed star beneath it symbolises the five major island groups and the navigational importance of stars to these seafaring people. The green stripes represent the land, the black stripes represent the people, and the blue the sea. The flag as a whole symbolises the unity of all Torres Strait Islanders. The Federal Government initiated steps in 1994 to give the flag legal recognition. After a period of public consultation, the Government decided in July 1995 that the flag should be proclaimed a "Flag of Australia" under section 5 of the Flags Act 1953. The flag was so proclaimed by the Governor General of Australia, William Hayden, on 14 July 1995.
The Tjilbruke Dreaming Trail
What is now Adelaide's metropolitan coastline plays a significant role in the creation story of the Kaurna (pronounced Gar-Na) people. The ancestor Tjilbruke carried the body of his slain nephew down the coast, from the place that is now Kingston Park, to the tip of the (Fleurieu) Peninsula. At each place where the grieving giant stopped to shed tears, a freshwater spring welled from the ground. Springs and other geological sites at Kingston Park, Hallett Cove, Christies Beach, Port Noarlunga, Port Willunga and further south are all linked by this great Dreaming legend.