Our History

Our City has a long proud history, and our resources, people and suburbs have played an important part in the development of our state.  In March 1996 the City of Enfield amalgamated with the City of Port Adelaide to become the City of Port Adelaide Enfield.

Port Adelaide History

Port Adelaide is an historic area which was central to the colonization of South Australia dating right back to its inception in 1836 when Colonel William Light first sailed up the Port River.  Port Adelaide has been the gateway to trade and commerce in South Australia and the first contact with South Australia for thousands of emigrants when they arrived by ship.

  • On 19 April 1831 Captain Colet Barker first sighted the Port River Inlet.
  • In December 1836 Colonel William Light sailed up the Port River proclaiming, "There was no safer place or more commodious harbor in the world for merchant ships".
  • On 14 October 1840 a new landing place at the end of what is now Commercial Road was officially opened and for a while was known as the New Port, to differentiate it from the original landing place at the intersection of todays Old Port Road and Webb Strreet which became known as the Old Port.
  • On 25 May 1837 the Port River estuary was proclaimed a legal port by Governor Hindmarsh.
  • On 27 December 1855 Port Adelaide was declared a Corporate Town.
  • In 1884 the District Council of Portland Estate amalgamated with the Corporate Town of Port Adelaide.
  • In 1886 the District Council of Birkenhead amalgamated with the Corporate Town of Port Adelaide.
  • In 1896 the District Councils of Alberton and Queenstown amalgamated with the Corporate Town of Port Adelaide.
  • In 1899 the District Council of Rosewater amalgamated with the Corporate Town of Port Adelaide.
  • On 13 November 1900 the Corporate Town of Semaphore amalgamated with the Corporate Town of Port Adelaide.
  • On 23 May 1901 Port Adelaide was proclaimed a City by the Governor, Lord Tennyson to become the City of Port Adelaide. 

Enfield History

Enfield was predominantly a farming area, with fertile country along the River Torrens and wheat and grain fields in its northern reaches. The area also boasts Sunnybrae Farm, the site of the first waterborne sewerage system in Australia; Yatala Gaol; the Sir Ross and Keith Smith England to Australia flight landing site and Klemzig, where German immigrants fleeing persecution in Prussia, established a village.

  • In 1853, an area of around 130 kilometres extending from Salisbury in the north, to the River Torrens in the east and adjoining Port Adelaide in the west, including the villages of Enfield, Prospect, Klemzig and Walkerville, was incorporated in the District Council of Yatala. The land was first surveyed in 1837, but was not fully realised until the late 1840-50's because of limited fresh water.
  • In 1855 the Village of Walkerville separated from Yatala to become the District Council of Walkerville.
  • In July 1868 Yatala was divided into Yatala South and Yatala North, with any land south of Dry Creek becoming Yatala South.
  • In August 1872 the Village of Prospect separated from Yatala to become the District Council of Prospect.
  • In July 1935 Yatala South was renamed the District Council of Enfield.
  • In April 1944 the District Council of Enfield became the Municipality of Enfield.
  • In January 1953 the Municipality of Enfield became the City of Enfield.

 

For further information on this topic, or if you have any questions, please call our helpful Customer Services team on 8405 6600 or send us an email.
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